Almonds are one of the highly nutritious and widely using nuts in the world. Adding almonds to your daily diet list will increase your energy level and immunity. But you must wisely choose the right almonds to make it as a perfectly balanced food.
There are two types of almonds. The first one is bitter and another one is sweeter, later one do the best for you. The bitter almond is poisonous when it is in row form. It contains glycoside amygdalin. When you eat such bitter row almond it tuns into hydrogen cyanide. It is estimated that every single bitter almonds contains 6mg of hydrogen cyanide, 100 mg of such hydrogen cyanide has enough power to kill you.
In United States government banned the importing of raw almonds after detecting the presence of poisonous elements. But many countries still continue to exporting bitter almonds to many parts of the world. You can clean off the poisons elements of raw almonds by heating process.
Almonds are susceptible to aflatoxin-producing molds. Aflatoxins are potent carcinogenic chemicals produced by molds such as Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. The mold contamination may occur from soil, previously infested almonds, and almond pests such as navel-orange worm. High levels of mold growth typically appear as gray to black filament like growth. It is unsafe to eat mold infected tree nuts.
Some countries have strict limits on allowable levels of aflatoxin contamination of almonds and require adequate testing before the nuts can be marketed to their citizens. The European Union, for example, introduced a requirement since 2007 that all almond shipments to EU be tested for aflatoxin. If aflatoxin does not meet the strict safety regulations, the entire consignment may be reprocessed to eliminate the aflatoxin or it must be destroyed.