Mushroom dishes are one of delicious and popular dishes. But not all types of mushrooms add taste to your dishes and also can be poisonous. Toadstools another name to poisonous mushrooms.
It is 9000 hospitalization cases in United States by mushroom poisoning. There are 100 less poisoning and 12 deadly poisoning mushrooms species in the world. Poisonous mushrooms commonly have properties like white grills, smaller in shape, brown color, umbrella like cap, round ball at the base level.
Mushroom poisoning refers to harmful effects from ingestion of toxic substances present in a mushroom. These symptoms can vary from slight gastrointestinal discomfort to death. The toxins present are secondary metabolites produced in specific biochemical pathways in the fungal cells. Mushroom poisoning is usually the result of ingestion of wild mushrooms after misidentification of a toxic mushroom as an edible species. The most common reason for this misidentification is close resemblance in terms of colour and general morphology of the toxic mushrooms species with edible species.
To prevent mushroom poisoning, mushroom gatherers need to be very familiar with the mushrooms they intend to collect as well as with any similar-looking toxic species. In addition, edibility of mushrooms may depend on methods of preparation for cooking. Collectors also need to be well aware that edibility or toxicity of some species varies with geographic location.